Glasball is the most popular team sport played in Fawlksland today. Outlined below are the basic rules and regulations you need to know in order to play the sport at a casual level. For the full list of rules and regulations please write to:
Glasball is usually played on a grass field, though it is known for it to be played on clay, tarmac and artificial playing surfaces.
The field is 80 yards in length and 40 yards in bredth. As illustrated below.
At either end of the field, connecting to the baselines, are the goal areas. These semi-circular areas are 15 yards in radius. Only the goalkeeper* and non-active players* may enter this area during gametime.(*See positions and players for more information)
Located at the middle of each baseline is a goal, which the goalkeeper must prevent the ball from entering. The dimensions of the goal are non-changable, and are set by regulation.
In the middle of the field is the half-way line, this line runs from sideline to sideline. Halfway down this line is the centre-spot, where the ball is placed at the start of each half. This spot is 6'' in diameter, the same size as the ball which is used in the game.
There are two pieces of equipment required to play a game of Glasball. One stick per person and one ball in total.
The Ball: The ball is made from solid rubber. Usually a deep red or brown colour, though during times of low visibility the ball will sometimes be coloured a luminous Yellow or Orange.
The ball is six inches in diameter, and is always made from a single piece of material, this increases the life of the balls, thereby limiting the amount that need to be produced.
The Stick: The stick is usually made from wood, though some prefer to use graphite, as it is a lighter material. In some cases of training or "play-around" sticks they will be made from plastic, though this is quite rare as plastic is an inferior material.
The stick has a mesh at the head end (Illustrated below), and the wood curves outwards at the same end. This is to help play the game (see playing the game for more information)
Most sticks are about Four feet in length, though some are made shorter for use by children. The majority of sticks are right handed, though with recent reforms many left-handed sticks have been made. The stick usually has a grip towards the broad end, to allow a player to comfortably wield it two-handed.
Length of Play
A game of Glasball is split into two equal halves, each consisting of half an hour. Between halves the teams are given twenty minutes to refresh themselves and change into clean strips if need be. The changing of strips was introduced in recent years to help teams cut down on players falling ill, especially during foul weather.
The play clock is stopped during times at which the ball is out of play, or the game is stopped for subsitutions, injuries or discipline. This allows the referee to keep track of the exact time the game should stop, and avoids arguments about added on time which is applied to other sports.
A regular Glasball team has 7 members on the field, with an additional 4 players on the bench to be used as substitutes. They are usually one of each position, allowing the manager to replace any player who has been injured.
The positions on the field are:
Goalkeeper: The only player on the field allowed within the goal area. Their job is to prevent the other team getting the ball into the goal. Though they are the only player allowed within the goal area, they are also not allowed out of the goal area during game-time.
Defender: These players usually never leave their half of the field. They are charged with preventing the opposing team from getting into a scoring position and getting possession of the ball back.
Midfielder: Usually the position with the most players assigned to it, as midfielders have to be able to switch between a defensive and attacking role. Assisting an attacking run with the Forwards (see below) and then switching to a defensive job of harrassing the other team to get the ball back.
Forward: The players who are dedicated to attacking the other teams goal, usually leaving the defensive duties to the Midfielders and Defenders.
One player on each team is usually charged with being the captain of the team. The captain is the motivational drive in the team and usually takes charge of dictating dead ball situations.
Captains are usually Midfielders as this allows them to be in the heart of the team.
The Rules of the Game
Aside from the rules mentioned above there are a few other rules for the game to run smoothly, mainly discipline. The Referee manages the timekeeping and discipline of the game. They also ensure that the rules are adhered to.
These rules are outlined below:
Physical Contact: Glasball is a contact sport, but this does not allow players to be too agressive. As such there are certain rules restricting contact.
The stick is not to be used as a weapon to Strike, Trip or Push opposing players. Anyone witnessed doing so shall be issued a "Red Card" and their name written into the Referees' notepad. The player shall then be ordered to leave the field of play.
Physical contact of an aggressive nature off the ball is also against the rules. If the player uses their stick in the incident the referee refers to the rule above. If the incident involves a player physically striking an opponent with their own appendages then the referee shall issue them with a "Yellow Card", a "Yellow Card" is a caution. A player may acrue 2 "Yellow Cards" before they are issued a "Red Card". If a player is issued with a "Red or Yellow Card" or is given a "Verbal Warning" then the other team is given possession of the ball and a "Free Hit". During a "Free Hit" an opposing player may not impede the player with the ball until they touch it with their stick. They must also stand at least Five yards from the ball and player.
Offences that will cause the issue of a "Yellow Card" are as follows:
- An active outfield player entering the Goal area within gametime
- A Goalkeeper exiting the Goal area within gametime
- Foul language on the field of play (In any language) If the Referee is the target then the player may be "Red Carded" instead
- Offensive Gestures. As above if the Referee is the target then the player may be "Red Carded"
- Entering the field of play during gametime when you are not permitted to be there (This may be applied to any member of the team, including the Manager)
- Kicking the ball during gametime (As highlighted in "playing the game)
- Picking up the ball during gametime
- Removing any part of your kit during gametime
- Leaving the field during gametime without a good reason
The Referee may also stop the game and give a player a "Verbal Warning", without having to issue a card. A Referee usually keeps a note of players that have been "Verball Warned" so that they do not get away with many minor offences without punishment, a "yellow Card" is usually issued after two offences of a minor nature. These include, but are not limited to;
The Referees' whistle: The Referee uses a whistle to signal many events during the match.
- 2 Short Whistles: Start the Game
- 1 Long Whistle: Stop the Game. Either for a goal or an incident of discipline
- 3 Short Whistles: End of Half/ Game
Playing the Game
The game of Glasball is played in a similar way to the games of Hockey, Shinty and Basketball. The ball may be moved using the broad end of the stick. If a player stops while moving the ball this way they cannot start moving again with the ball. The options available to them are;
Leave the ball to another player.
Pass or strike the ball either to pass it to another player or attempt to score a goal.
Lift the ball off of the ground using the stick and playing it forwards, they can then continue moving the ball as previous. This method is also used to pass the ball over the heads of the opposing players and to attempt a shot on goal.
A Glasball stick is designed to allow a player to lift the ball and strike it with the Mesh end. The mesh giving additional power to the shot, much in the same way as a tennis racquet.
If a player moves the ball along the ground with the stick after stopping a previous move, this is called a double move and is often punished by no more than harsh words from the Referee and a free shot to the other team.
A team must all be wearing identical strips to define them as a team. Goalkeepers are exempt from this rule, though some usually wear the same strip to feel more like part of the team.
A standard strip is explained below;
Glasball Top/ Jersey: The jersey can either be long or short sleeved. It must be of a contrasting colour to that of the opposing team to prevent confusion. Most teams have 2 jerseys to make this easier.
Below are examples of 1st and 2nd strips for Wolvz GB.
Shorts/Skirt: Although Glasball is a unisex sport there are single gender leagues. Some female leagues state that skirts must be worn, these rules are bent slightly by some players wearing shorts under their skirts to prevent them being embarassed by letting others see their underwear.
Socks: Socks are to be worn at knee height, failure to do so will be classed as "Using non-regulation equipment".
Shoes: Shoes are to be flat-souled, without studs or spikes. Otherwise they are unrestricted in design.